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Varenummer (SKU): Geology Kategorier: , Tags: , , , ,
  1. Give the geological meaning of the following words:
    • Delta
    • Sand spit
    • Sinkhole
    • Oxbow lake
    • Moraine
    • Cirque
    • Mesa
    • Alluvial fan
    • Anticline
    • Syncline
  2. Describe the following:
    • A shield volcano as compared to a composite volcano.
    • How a glacier moves and what evidences it leaves behind.
    • How sediments are laid down by water.
    • The different types of mountains.
    • Why a river or stream bank often keeps caving in on the outside of a bend.
  3. Know what category of rocks (sedimentary, metamorphic rock, or igneous) the following rocks are:
    • Granite
    • Sandstone
    • Conglomerate
    • Slate
    • Shale
    • Marble
    • Lava
    • Limestone
    • Basalt
    • Gneiss
  4. Take a picture or make a sketch of each of the following geological features:
    • A bed of sediment that is coarser at the bottom and finer toward the top. (This is called normal graded bedding).
    • Ripple marks in sand or mud. (Show with an arrow the current direction if possible).
    • Gulley erosion
    • Mud cracks. (These can usually be found after a heavy rain or flood when mud starts to dry).
    • Soil profile along a stream bank or road cut. (You should be able to see how soil usually becomes lighter colored downward from the surface of the ground).
    • A sand bar. (Sand bars can be found in streams, rivers or along the ocean).